Many folks would like to see us back on the Moon and developing its resources.

Saturday, July 16, 2005

Good day.

Time marches on and it has now been 36 years since we took off towards the
Moon for our first Lunar landing with astronauts aboard.

We had been up and around and close to landing before with Apollo 10.

Prior to that we had orbited with Apollo 8 but no Lunar Module.

We did get pictures of the far side and that striking picture of Earth rise.
(the Russians had already photographed the far side, but never mind, now the
U.S.A. had done it too, and with humans on board.)

The famous photograph that was taken in the next two minutes is usually
credited to crewman William Anders, although commander Frank Borman has
always claimed that he took it.

It turns out that in fact three photographs were taken, one in black and
white and two in colour. The black and white shot was taken first - by
Borman, and the two colour shots were taken moments later by William Anders.

The curious thing about the images is the difference in the way the two men
perceived what they were seeing. Frank Borman related the 'Earthrise' to a
moonrise on Earth, with the lunar surface horizontal and the Earth rising
above it.

[see web site for images - LRK - ]

But William Anders framed his photographs from the perspective of being in
orbit about the lunar equator. So his horizon was the plane in which he was
travelling. This meant he framed it so the edge of the Moon was vertical,
with planet Earth a little to the left but with its North and South poles
aligned the same way as the North and South poles of the Moon.

(It is interesting to note that the colour photographs taken by William
Anders are almost always re-published with the image on its side - ie from
the perspective that Borman adopted for his B&W photograph).

But regardless of which way the photograph was taken, the image shows our
entire world as a small and blue and very finite globe, with our nearest
celestial neighbour a desolate presence in the foreground.

US Nature photographer Galen Rowell has described this image as "the most
influential environmental photograph ever taken".

It is an image which still speaks to us today.

The Sciences Nov/Dec 1998
Genisis: The Story of Apollo 8 by Robert Zimmerman. (pub Four Walls Eight

If you want to go back and study what was done while on the Moon, check out
the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal.

Now we wait for the shuttle to launch again to the ISS, then mission to the
Moon with images from orbit. Hopefully to be followed again with great
images from the surface of the Moon.

Can we set up a Lunar Base that will open the way for developing space as a
new frontier?

Will we ever go to Mars with more than a handful of astronauts?

I have been looking at a publication by Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical
Corporation written in 1967 and titled, "tHe dynamics of cHange". Don Fabun
was the Publications Editor.

Let me copy three paragraphs.
"Society has many built-in time spanners that help link the present
generation with the past. Our sense of the past is developed by contact
with the older generation by our knowledge of history, by the accumulated
heritage of art, music, literature and science passed down to us through the
years. It is enhanced by immediate contact with the objects that surround
us, each of which has a point of origin with the past, each of which
provides us with a trace of identification with the past.

"No such time spanners enhance our sense of the future. We have no objects,
no friends, no relatives, no works of art, no music or literature that
originate in the future. We have, as it were, no heritage of the future."

And so, not having one, and needing it, we will have to develop one. This
can be done, perhaps, by examining the forces of change around us and by
trying to understand how they originated where they are likely to be going,
and how we can to some extent by guiding them, cushion ourselves against
"future shock."


The thought is that it will help if we can set goals with a vision that we
can hang our time marks on and then set our sites to make it happen. By
doing so we can keep a sense of sanctity and help shape the way we want to
go so that the future will in fact become the past that we would like to
look back on and talk about.

We can't change the past, the present is gone in a snap of the finger, the
future all too soon is the present and then the past. One needs to set
these future time marks out ahead of us at least far enough so that we get a
chance to make it part of our expectations so that the change that comes
with it will not drive us crazy.

If we use the vision of going to the Moon, Mars, and Beyond as something we
expect WILL happen, then when it does we will be ready for it.

Thanks for looking up with me, helping me experience the future, while
looking back at the past.

Larry Kellogg
larry.kellogg at
THE APOLLO MISSIONS The first and last man on the moon
For the first time you can now experience the moon just as the astronauts
did - almost as you were there.


On July 20 ( July 21 GMT ) 1969 the first man stepped on the moon. During
the next 3 years 6 missions to the moon was made and a total of 12
astronauts walked on the moon. One of the missions Apollo 13 failed and they
had to return.

During these missions thousands of images were taken, most of them with the
Hasselblad EDC. A special version of the Hasselblad 500 EL. Many of these
images are famous, like the one from Apollo 11 showing Buzz Aldrin with Neil
Armstrong reflected in the glass of his helmet. (It is available in super
resolution from the panorama).

Less known is that during all the missions they made image sequences which
with todays computer technics can be stitched together into 360o interactive
panoramas giving you the possibillity to view the moon almost as you were
Many of these panoramas have been published before but in low resolution and
displayed in small sizes.

During the last year the original films have been rescanned in large
resolution and the Apollo 11 images were released the week before the 35
year anniversary. I can now present you for the first time the Moon in
interactive 360 degree fullscreen Quicktime VR.

3 panoramas are now available and I will follow up with panoramas from all
the missions

All images are credit NASA - Panoramas/QTVR movies ©2004 Hans Nyberg
Original images from The Apollo Image Gallery

The links to the panoramas opens in a new fullscreen window which expands
automatically to your screen - QuickTime needed
Read about Hasselblad in Space

Apollo 11 Fullscreen QuickTime VR
Launched: 16 July 1969 UT 13:32:00 (09:32:00 a.m. EDT)
Landed on Moon: 20 July 1969 UT 20:17:40 (04:17:40 p.m. EDT

Neil A. Armstrong, commander
Michael Collins, command module pilot
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot

Apollo 11 NASA Journal
Apollo 11 at 35:
Celebrating the Past with a Vision for the Future

30th anniversary of Apollo 11 : 1969 - 1999

Apollo 11-The entire air-to-ground communications (email

Apollo 11

Launched: 16 July 1969 UT 13:32:00 (09:32:00 a.m. EDT)
Landed on Moon: 20 July 1969 UT 20:17:40 (04:17:40 p.m. EDT)
Landing Site: Mare Tranquillitatis - Sea of Tranquility (0.67 N, 23.47 E)
Returned to Earth: 24 July 1969 UT 16:50:35 (12:50:35 p.m. EDT)

Neil A. Armstrong, commander
Michael Collins, command module pilot
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot

[below from InsideKSC - Yahoo group - in case you care to compare then and
now for reporting. - LRK -]

Today, we are another year removed from mankind's greatest adventure.
It was 36 years ago today that Apollo 11 was launched from KSC.

Apollo 11
Saturn-V AS-506 (6)
High Bay 1
Firing Room 1 July 16, 1969; 09:32:00 am EDT. Launch Complex 39-A

BTW- Here is my "one man" National TV Space Coverage Championship Poll:

1- MSNBC/NBC: NATIONAL CHAMPS! James Oberg is the only network guy on
the air today who has masterful comprehension the topic of human
spaceflight. Jim is a full-time space reporter and his presence on the
air was more than enough to overcome the bloopers committed by the
rest of the NBC team, which consisted of "out of their realm younger
reporters" and rusty old coots that are just not as sharp as they
supposedly were back in 1969. Poor old Jay Barbaree. Back in 2003 he
confidently predicted that "the shuttle will be back in service
quicker than the Challenger accident".

It was sad to watch Barbaree fumble with that cheap, low-fidelity
Shuttle desk model when he struggled to explain the sensor issues. NBC
and the other networks need to spend a few books and build some sets
and pieces like we saw during Apollo coverage. One great bonus aspect
of the MSNBC was the random Space Coast spot-reports from near the
Cocoa beach Pier and -places like Titusville. Those reports were
reminiscent of NBCs day at the Cape on July 16, 1969. I will never
forget that NBC had a helicopter flying down Bennet Causeway as well
as a ground reporter who interviewed some of the million or so folks
who camped out to watch the Apollo 11 launch.

Oberg should have been the desk man at the Cape instead of the squint-
eyed teleprompter reader who anchored the MSNBC STS-114 coverage.

2- CNN: Miles O'Brien is very sharp and is still learning. The CNN
staff was busy bragging about Miles, but to his credit, Miles paid
homage to his inspiration, John Holliman. John Zarella is also a
competent pro. I would like to see more of Lou Dobbs in the coverage.
Dobbs is definitely an expert on space exploration and CNN needs to
have Dobbs at KSC for all of the Shuttle launches. He is a great
promoter of the space business.

Overall, CNN space coverage has always been consistent but very cheap.
CNN always has one, sometimes two, reporters at the space center. The
usually lone reporter is always standing in front of the VAB or some
other familiar site. CNN has never had a "space desk" of any sort. CNN
is much better at covering politics, medicine, big trials, and
showcasing the mystics and nuts regularly featured on Larry King Live.
I got the feeling that the CNN producers were hoping that they could
get this RTF mission over with so that they could rush back to the
more familiar and easier to tread waters of political scandals,
celebrity news and legal matters.

3- CBS- CBS has a small but fantastic team who stays on top of space
developments. Walter Cronkite set the consensus standard for space
anchors. His shoes have not been filled. Unfortunately, their coverage
is also cheap and CBS is not eligible for the championship since they
are still on probation for airing Dan Rather's error-filled space
documentaries over the years and for celebrating the Apollo 11 20th
anniversary by having Charles Kuralt narrate a documentary that was
only 2% Apollo 11 history and 98% "human interest" crap. What was it
called, "The Moon above, the Earth Below"?

4- ABC: Oh, how I long for the day when Jules Bergman came on the air
and actually made ABC look credible.

5- FOX: Could somebody please help Jamie Colby figure out which end of
the Space Shuttle Orbiter contains the propulsion system. Colby was
the absolute worst of all the people who covered the RTF false start.
At least, the tired old coots at MSNBC have their hearts into the
space program. FOX had a NASA bashing discussion on the air just this
(Saturday) morning following the week's activities at KSC. I know that
FOX has access to some of the best space reporters on the planet. Why
don't they use Rand Simberg or one of their affiliate reporters to
cover space missions. The FOX STS-114 coverage had ZERO value. In
fact, most FOX space coverage consists of rewriting or directly
reading AP and Reuters wire reports. FOX is so bad with their space
coverage they are a non-factor and should actually be unranked.

Thanks, Jim McDade

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